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What are terpenes

What are Terpenes

An Essential Oil

What are Terpenes, they are little gems that provide the Cannabis smells and tastes. They are a large and diverse group of naturally occurring organic compounds. The largest particles of essential oils

Full CBD range wooden heart

different varieties

Every variety of Cannabis plant has a different terpene profile. 

They produce distinctive aromas and fruity or earthy tones.  Similarly, as the aroma in food adds to the taste, terpenes’ aroma adds to the benefits of taking CBD.

The gift that keeps on giving

They enhance the benefits of CBD, with an array of elements.  Subsequently, they carry similar benefits to CBD.

Each variety of Hemp is different and possesses different levels of flavonoids and lipids (fatty acids).  Sadly, some are lost during the process of extraction.  Due to the drying process of the buds, some of the little gems do not survive.

They are so delicate, that many of them are removed, before the cleaning process of the CBD extraction.  After that, they can be added back to CBD Oils once they have been cleaned and cooled. Generally, Terpenes are added back to the same batch from which they were removed.


When you hear the term broad-spectrum or full-spectrum, it is describing the state of the CBD if it includes terpenes and cannabinoids. A Broad Spectrum cannabinoid will have the terpenes removed. 

what are weed terpenes

A common question is;

Are weed terpenes the same as food terpenes? Yes, similarly Food and cannabis share the same terpenes.

There are over 100 naturally occurring Terpenes in Hemp

Here are just a few:


Lemon/Limonene occurs in many foods and can be found in Lemon, Orange rind, and Juniper.  The citrus aroma comes from the Limonene.  Likewise, the cannabinoids carry similar benefits;

Useful for their antibacterial properties, help with digestion, and mild sedative effects.  They also stimulate weight loss and assist with stress.  The beautiful lemon aroma from Hemp & Cannabis comes from this Terpene.


Is considered the most important one.

Myrcene is present at high levels in a lot of herbs and commonly used in a lot of food flavourings. Has a musky, earthy taste and is found in hops, lemongrass and Mangos.

Wonderful Myrcene acts as an anti-inflammatory muscle relaxant and just like Limonene as a sedative.


Is pegged as the most dramatic Terpene due to its vast properties.

It’s found in many herbs and condiments, to name a few:

  • pepper
  • cloves
  • rosemary
  • oregano
  • cinnamon
  • basil

This beauty provides a party of aromas from floral to earthy to citrus to earthy.  Called beta-caryophyllene, you will find this as an ingredient in most aromatic oils. Caryo is a bigger molecule than the above terpenes.  It is a rare one that carries many direct benefits

our Suggestion

So next time someone asks What are Terpenes? you can tell them.  Terpene Oil can be purchased, giving you the smell and tastes of the plant without the CBD or THC.

Great to use in cooking or smoking, create your Vape Oils or Vape Juices.

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CBD Facts and Info

BCH CBD on a bed on hemp leaves

what is CBD

CBD Facts and Info, let’s look at what CBD is?

CBD (Cannabidiol) is a naturally occurring substance from a Hemp plant. Within this fascinating plant, there are just over a hundred compounds, of which CBD is one. CBD is extracted from the plant.


Psychoactive is a medical term for something that affects your mind/psyche, mind-altering, in this case, ‘Being High’ your mental state is affected with a buzz, a high.

Non-psychoactive is the term for precisely the opposite, not mind-altering – does not get you ‘high.’ affecting your psyche

THC, on the other hand, is Psychoactive, one of the mind-altering Cannabinoids. The psychoactive element of the Cannabis/Marijuana plant.

CBD is the Cannabinoid being non-psychoactive

WHAT are terpenes

Terpenes are the little gems that provide the Cannabis smells and tastes; each variety plant has different terpenes, producing distinctive aromas, and fruity or earthy tones.

Just as the aroma in food adds to the taste, Terpenes’ aroma adds to the benefits of taking Cbd.

The gift that keeps on giving. Terpenes enhance the benefits of CBD, with their array of elements, it could transpire these elements carry similar benefits to CBD.

Sadly, some Terpenes are unavoidably lost during the process of extraction. Due to the drying process of the buds for the C02 removal, some of the Terpenes do not survive.

Terpenes are delicate, many of them are removed, before the cleaning process of the CBD extraction and added back to CBD Oils once they have been cleaned and cooled.

Terpene Oil can be purchased, giving you the smell and tastes of the plant without the CBD or THC. To use in cooking or smoking, create your Vape Oils or Vape Juices.

thc vs cbd

The significant elements of the Hemp Plant are named Trichomes; tiny sticky glands; these glands hold all the active medical ingredients called PhytoCannabinoids. Cannabinoids, for short. THC and CBD are Cannabinoids.

CBD is just one of the many magical elements of the Cannabis Plant.

CBD initially won as the front runner as it was believed to contain the most benefits. Below is a shortlist of some of the other Cannabinoids that work their magic alongside CBD & THC:

CBDP – Cannabidiphorol

CBG – Cannabigerol

CBC – Cannabichromenic

CBDA – Cannabidiolic acid

CBDB – Cannabidiphorol

CBD – Cannabidiol

CBN – Cannabinol

CBGA – Cannabigerolic

The plant is currently being researched globally, it’s an exciting time.  This family of Cannabinoids are believed to be beneficial in many ways.

THC using is full name Tetrahydrocannabinol, also has more than one variety just like CBD.  THC is believed to have enormous benefits. In medical-grade Prescription medicines, for instance for Epilepsy treatments, THC is required in addition to the CBD Cannabinoids, to support illnesses long term.

Big Chief Hemp Oils contain less than 0.0005% THC, a value considered untraceable and THC Free.

the cbd clinic

The Medical Cannabis Clinic, in London

Although CBD was legalised in the UK in 2018, we are currently faced with GPs reluctant to prescribe CBD to patients that require assistance where traditional medicines are failing.

For patients that require Medical Grade Cannabis, this process is currently unlicensed, therefore can only be prescribed by a specialist or a GP acting under the instructions of a specialist.

A new Private Clinic has opened to assist with Private Prescriptions for Medical Cannabis.

The Clinical Director is Professor Mike Barnes, who is a consultant neurologist, who assisted in securing the first medicinal cannabis licence for Alfie Dingley.

Professor Barnes said: “This Clinic will represent a lifeline to the thousands of patients who have found other treatments ineffective.

The Clinic is offering “potentially life-changing” treatment for arthritis, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. It may also benefit people with psychiatric conditions

and stroke patients”.

Currently, there are more than 150 people are said to be on the Clinics waiting list.

The Clinic has specialists able to prescribe Cannabinoid treatments privately where the NHS are unsure.

” Professor David Nutt, of Imperial College London, stated that “ignorance” of the value of cannabis medicines among doctors was holding back their use.

Medical Cannabis was legalised in the UK last year but currently, Families say it is almost impossible to access it on the NHS, despite its legalisation.

Cases such as those of Billy Caldwell, 13, and Alfie Dingley, seven, have highlighted the benefits of cannabis oil to children with epilepsy who suffer multiple seizures and have begun to enjoy significant reductions in their symptoms

everything you wanted to know about CBD

is cbd legal in the uk

Thankfully Yes, CBD is legal in the UK and Europe, and CBD is classified as a food supplement.

the ECS system

It was discovered in 1963 that mammals have an Endocannabinoid system (ECS). Throughout our nervous system, We have Cannabinoid receptors. Including our brain, Cannabinoid receptors are the most abundant receptors!

It was discovered by Raphael Mechoulam an Organic Chemist and Professor of Medicinal Chemistry, a professor of the University of Jerusalem. Further Studies by Dr Mechoulam and US researchers have realised an entire ECS system that works in harmony with the Hemp plant, truly a nature’s gift.

Studies are ongoing, and there is still much to learn. The Endocannabinoid system works as the body regulator.

If you are out of sorts,  CBD works with your ECS system.  CBD flicks on the neuro-receptors in your nervous system, including your brain and assists your immune system, like turning on light switches.

The ECS system sends out regulating signals throughout your body, re-balancing your Homeostasis – Illness can thrive if the body fails to produce sufficient endocannabinoids. Taking CBD plant extract can aid your body and mind to stay healthy.

mct carrier

Once you purchase your Oil, how does it arrive, and what is in it?

The CBD is added to an MCT carrier oil. For example, if you have 10% CBD in a 10ml bottle 90% of the remaining liquid is referred to as the Carrier Oil.

MCT means Medium-Chain Triglycerides.

These are edible oils extracted from seeds, such as Coconuts or the controversial Palm oil (deforestation) as a carrier oil in items such as massage oils or essential oils.  Used for a variety of reasons, the fat molecules of these oils are smaller, enabling improved absorption in your body, making it an excellent carrier.

Coconut oil is ideal as it has no strong taste and has a natural anti-fungal property.

the spectrums

Full Spectrum Oil is created from the whole plant has to offer, including flavonoids & terpenes; all the natural smells, colours and tastes of Hemp. Including lipids, giving you the full natural benefits of the Hemp Plant using a Co2 extraction process.

Full-Spectrum will also include trace elements of THC% less than 2%.

Enjoy all the Phytocannabinoids in Full-Spectrum.

Broad-spectrum CBD can be up to 80% pure, also called a THC-free distillate, with no trace elements of THC around 0.0005%.

A more refined version of full-spectrum CBD, Distillation is the extraction process used, whereby cannabinoids and terpenes are refined at a molecular level.

Broad-Spectrum is a better choice for people who want a cleaner CBD experience, with minimal impurities.  According to studies, the broad-spectrum distillate is less potent than its full-spectrum counterpart due to the lack of terpenes, flavonoids and lipid fats.

The distillate can be applied to an MCT Carrier Oil or foods and if so desired can have the terpenes added back to the mix.

The beauty of Broad-Spectrum is to enjoy the benefits of CBD without the flavonoids, removing the strong earthy tastes and smells, and giving your taste buds a more pleasant experience.

It’s easier to create a fabulous tasting CBD oil using distillates.

Crystallised Isolate, a concentrate of CBD, Can be 99% pure and is ground into a powder. Ensuring a zero level of THC.

It’s the purest form of CBD; the extraction process removes all other elements of the bud, removing the other Cannabinoids, Terpenes & Lipids.

Isolate can be applied to an MCT Carrier Oil, added to water or other liquids or foodstuffs (but this is not legal for sale in the UK).

how to take CBD

The key to CBD is consistency. CBD is best taken every day, add it to your daily routine, and maintain your levels.  Depending on your desired product, begin by using a few sprays under the tongue if using the atomiser.

Two or three drops under the tongue two to three times a day if using a tincture.  One capsule two or three times a day and build up until you find your appropriate levels, not exceeding the maximum daily dosage

Do not exceed more than 70mg of CBD in 24 hours, unless otherwise directed by your Medical Professional

how much cbd to take

CBD works much like a vitamin pill, in that, as a food supplement, you are aiding your body to replace lost vitamins and boost your homeostasis. CBD is similar in supporting your Endocannabinoid system and stimulating those receptors to send out positive messages to the rest of your body.

Begin at a very low dosage no more than 10mg a day and increase a few days slowly apart. As there is no head effect, how will you know how much is enough?

People use CBD for a host of reasons, and everyone has different absorption rates. It’s up to you to establish what your levels are. Ask yourself the reason you want to take CBD? For a sense of well-being; it’s recommended to use just 10ml – 20ml a day or you may need a tad more.

We would suggest you begin low with 500mg in a 10ml bottle, twice daily, increasing to three times daily.

If you are recovering from an illness, it’s suggested you use more. Again, always build up your levels at a gentle pace.

There is a point at which you will plateau.

Say the day you increase and don’t feel any more benefit than the previous dosage. You found your level.

Your levels may change over time, depending on how you are feeling. You will get to establish those areas yourself.

To find my levels, I kept a diary and looking back could see the improvements over the weeks, until I arrived at my level.

There are many flavours you can try, mainly fruit flavours, and variations on menthol or chocolate flavours. As the market is growing, so is the choice. These are new and exciting times.

Please consult with your medical professional if you are taking other medications.

Do not exceed more than 70mg of CBD in 24 hours, unless otherwise directed by your Medical Professional.

CBD can inhibit the absorption of some medications. Cancer, liver and anti-seizure treatments

heart made from hands in the sun

hemp milk

Hemp is one of the most versatile plants on the planet. Not only can we extract CBD from hemp. We can make anything from textiles to bio-diesels.  We can also make hemp milk! It’s rich in amino acids, with a slightly nutty taste. Unlike almond milk, you can add it to your tea and coffee.

We’ve created a two-minute film to show you how easy it is to make hemp milk.

is cbd addictive

In a word – NO!

The element of the Cannabis plant that can get you high is THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) and not CBD.

CBD is not psychoactive. UK regulations ensure all CBD products sold contain no more than 0.2% THC, a value that is considered untraceable

can i travel with cbd

Technically yes,

You can travel around Europe with CBD; however, I would NOT recommend travelling with CBD. Border controls are not yet equipped with full knowledge on the subject of CBD. As this product derives from a Cannabis family plant, it is still a grey area within Airports and Border controls.

As such currently it’s not recommended to travel abroad with CBD unless you have written permission from the current government of the country you intend to travel to.  In countries like the US it is legal, but only in individual States and often only with a prescription.

We would not recommend taking your CBD your CBD unless you have a Prescription.

It is early days for this product, and the knowledge has not yet reached everyone

well-being & health

We are not permitted by UK Law to Make any medical claims whatsoever. Due to studies not yet completed in the UK.  There have been many years of research and studies ongoing by Universities and institutions in Spain, Canada, the Netherlands and Israel.  These studies suggest CBD Oil and THC have beneficial uses.

Big Chief Hemp provides a Night-Time and Day range tailored to aid your well-being and a gentle night’s sleep.

the quality of your cbd

How do you know what you are buying and who you are buying from, how do you keep safe purchasing CBD?

There are many brands sold that do not contain the CBD as described or the products include could THC, but this is not on the label, it’s hard to know.  The best way to keep yourself safe is to use a company that is an ethical business, one willing to provide you with Independent laboratory results.  The lab results will confirm how much CBD you have in the bottle.

Some comprehensive reports will also provide further content information for the other Cannabinoids present.

Look carefully at the product labels and ensure they mention CBD content.  It’s good to know which MCT carrier is used, on an environmental, and ethical level, I’d steer clear of products using Palm Oil as the carrier.

Currently, Few regulations for the CBD Oil industry yet exist. We are instructed to ensure the CBD Oil used is THC free adhering to UK standards, and a recommended daily dosage but these are the only stipulations so far.

As a business, I hope we can get some correct categorisation and regulations in place soon to ensure the safety of CBD consumers.

milligrams vs percentages

On the market is a variety of percentages or grams of CBD, in a variety of bottle sizes. It can be a tad confusing initially.

1ml is equal to 1mg

When I was starting, I only purchased 10ml bottles of CBD to keep it simple.  A 10ml percentage and grams equate to the same thing. For example, if you buy 800mg = 8% CBD.

Big Chief has used milligrams to be clear about how much you are buying.

A spaniel Dog laying in the sun

can your pets use cbd

Currently, In the UK, there is no company licenced to sell CBD for pets. If a company did exists only a Vet would be able to sell it to you under prescription.

The only arena in the UK that can refer to CBD as a medicine is the Veterinary world.

But let us look at the facts. CBD is good for your Endocannabinoid system. And anything with a spinal cord has an Endocannabinoid system. So logic dictates, that CBD is good for your pets. Cats, dogs or horses.

cbd & covid

Tests were carried out in a petri dish that returned favourable results.  In a Laboratory, CBD Oil managed to reduce the COVID infection by 50% demonstrating huge potential. This spurred on further trials.

It is very exciting to see the potential of this amazing discovery.

about big chief hemp

We are a family-run team, based out of the UK, Campaigners for the rights of UK Hemp Farmers and UK Medical Prescriptions





Passionate about Hemp, we pride ourselves on bringing premium oils to your door, with Eco-Friendly packaging.

We love our planet and are working hard for positive environmental changes.

Big Chief Hemp brings Naturally grown Broad Spectrum CBD Oils and Hemp products to market, to help maintain your health and love your planet. Using only the finest CBD Oils, with no chemical impurities!

Big Chief Hemp uses only recycled packaging. We are on the Campaign to rid unnecessary plastics from all packaging, join us on our journey of discovery.

EU & US Grown Hemp, using the UK processed medical-grade broad-spectrum CBD Oil. Produced to the highest standards in an FSA-approved UK facility.

Using a plant-based alcohol extraction method that has unrivalled levels of purity. The extraction contains more natural plant compounds.

check out our ultimate guide

All of the above articles can be read in detail in Complete-guide-for-beginners

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What is CBD Oil

CBD Oil drops white flowers

what is cbd?

CBD (Cannabidiol) is a naturally occurring substance from a Hemp plant

What is this CBD everyone is talking about?. CBD comes from the hemp plant.

The significant elements of the hemp plant are named Trichomes; they are tiny sticky glands.

Phytocannabinoids are held in these glands, holding all the active medical ingredients.

what is cbd oil?

CBD (Cannabidiol) is a naturally occurring substance from a Hemp plant

What is this CBD everyone is talking about?. CBD comes from the hemp plant.

The significant elements of the hemp plant are named Trichomes; they are tiny sticky glands.

Phytocannabinoids are held in these glands, holding all the active medical ingredients.

hemp plant

ecs Endocannabinoids

Endocannabinoids are naturally occurring in your body,  Subsequently;  Phytocannabinoids from plants are a natural Supplement for our  Endocannabinoids.  In the same vein, Vitamin tablets are for Fruit and Vegetables, as a supplement.

Phytocannabinoids are Cannabinoids, for short.

There are over a hundred known Cannabinoids in the Hemp plant

break it down

The most discussed cannabinoids are THC & CBD

When you hear the term Broad Spectrum, it means a many Cannabinoids are present in the oil, not just CBD alone:

  • CBDP – Cannabidiphorol
  • CBG – Cannabigerol
  • CBC – Cannabichromenic
  • CBDA – Cannabidiolic acid
  • CBDB – Cannabidiphorol
  • CBD – Cannabidiol
  • CBN – Cannabinol
  • CBGA – Cannabigerolic

Each of the Cannabinoids possesses its own benefits profile. 

All mammals benefit from CBD subsequently; Hemp is Mother Nature’s gift and possesses’ qualities as a natural food supplement.

CBD oil has so much to offer, increasing your therapeutic potential.

Endocannabinoid system

It is the master controller in your body; managing your temperature gauge.

  It modulates your serotonin levels affecting your mood. 

Also, can regulate your sleep and misdirect your pain.  In addition, it’s a powerful anti-inflammatory.

Moreover, Improves motor skills and can block certain cancer cell growth.

CBD Cannot cant get you high

This gentle product does not produce any high.  It is non-psychoactive.  

It produces a sense of well-being, in the same way,  vitamins do.  To find out the difference between Cannabis & Hemp?.

CBD is a natural way to boost healthy living.

What is cbd?

CBD is extracted from the plant and blended with fine coconut oil, known as an MCT Carrier.

Extracting CBD from Hemp

The extraction process concentrates on the Hemp flowers for the Cannabinoids. 

A variety of methods are used to extract CBD from the hemp plant.  The oldest form of extraction is the use of ethanol (simple alcohol).

Using high-proof alcohol, the CBD is drawn out of the plant with minimal damage.  By suspending them in a liquid it eliminates damage from oxidisation.

cultivation of hemp

Cultivation has minimal impact on the environment.  Hemp crops are naturally resistant to pests and therefore do not require pesticides.  As hemp grows it cleans the soil. It extracts soil contaminants and restores the topsoil.

In addition, it performs Carbon Sequestration. It cleans pollutants from our air.  Interestingly, hemp removes between 10-15 tonnes of atmospheric carbon per hectare.  This occurs in three months, making it much more effective than trees.

Furthermore, as this crop can grow four times a year, it results in a lot of cleaning. Simultaneously cleans the soil in which it grows.

Hemp is Mother Nature’s gift and possesses’ qualities as a natural food supplement.  CBD oil has so much to offer, increasing your therapeutic potential.

It’s a natural way to support healthy living.

This gentle product is non-psychoactive.

You can find out so much more, Check out our full guide!