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What are terpenes

What are Terpenes

An Essential Oil

What are Terpenes, they are little gems that provide the Cannabis smells and tastes. They are a large and diverse group of naturally occurring organic compounds. The largest particles of essential oils

Full CBD range wooden heart

different varieties

Every variety of Cannabis plant has a different terpene profile. 

They produce distinctive aromas and fruity or earthy tones.  Similarly, as the aroma in food adds to the taste, terpenes’ aroma adds to the benefits of taking CBD.

The gift that keeps on giving

They enhance the benefits of CBD, with an array of elements.  Subsequently, they carry similar benefits to CBD.

Each variety of Hemp is different and possesses different levels of flavonoids and lipids (fatty acids).  Sadly, some are lost during the process of extraction.  Due to the drying process of the buds, some of the little gems do not survive.

They are so delicate, that many of them are removed, before the cleaning process of the CBD extraction.  After that, they can be added back to CBD Oils once they have been cleaned and cooled. Generally, Terpenes are added back to the same batch from which they were removed.


When you hear the term broad-spectrum or full-spectrum, it is describing the state of the CBD if it includes terpenes and cannabinoids. A Broad Spectrum cannabinoid will have the terpenes removed. 

what are weed terpenes

A common question is;

Are weed terpenes the same as food terpenes? Yes, similarly Food and cannabis share the same terpenes.

There are over 100 naturally occurring Terpenes in Hemp

Here are just a few:


Lemon/Limonene occurs in many foods and can be found in Lemon, Orange rind, and Juniper.  The citrus aroma comes from the Limonene.  Likewise, the cannabinoids carry similar benefits;

Useful for their antibacterial properties, help with digestion, and mild sedative effects.  They also stimulate weight loss and assist with stress.  The beautiful lemon aroma from Hemp & Cannabis comes from this Terpene.


Is considered the most important one.

Myrcene is present at high levels in a lot of herbs and commonly used in a lot of food flavourings. Has a musky, earthy taste and is found in hops, lemongrass and Mangos.

Wonderful Myrcene acts as an anti-inflammatory muscle relaxant and just like Limonene as a sedative.


Is pegged as the most dramatic Terpene due to its vast properties.

It’s found in many herbs and condiments, to name a few:

  • pepper
  • cloves
  • rosemary
  • oregano
  • cinnamon
  • basil

This beauty provides a party of aromas from floral to earthy to citrus to earthy.  Called beta-caryophyllene, you will find this as an ingredient in most aromatic oils. Caryo is a bigger molecule than the above terpenes.  It is a rare one that carries many direct benefits

our Suggestion

So next time someone asks What are Terpenes? you can tell them.  Terpene Oil can be purchased, giving you the smell and tastes of the plant without the CBD or THC.

Great to use in cooking or smoking, create your Vape Oils or Vape Juices.

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Full Spectrum vs Broad Spectrum

hemp flowers in jars

The spectrums

What is the difference between Full Spectrum vs Broad Spectrum CBD Oil? The difference is THC. Phytocannabinoids (cannabinoids) are naturally occurring elements of the cannabis plant, hemp.

There are over 115 cannabinoids present in the hemp plant. Made up of CBDs and THCs, each one with a variety of benefits. And there could be up to 200 terpenes.

CBD & THC have many benefits

CBD & THC have many benefits, these are a mere snippet:

CBD has anti-inflammatory properties. It can help with:

  • anxiety
  • epilepsy
  • glaucoma.
  • helps with certain cancer.

THC has pain-relieving properties it helps with glaucoma and offers relief from certain cancer treatments.

Full Spectrum CBD Oil

is created from the whole hemp plant. Everything the plant has to offer, including flavonoids, terpenes, lipid fatty acids and a small amount of THC around 0.3% Full-spectrum oils has the natural smells, colour, and tastes of Hemp. Giving you all the elements is called the ‘Entourage effect’ because you get the full benefit of the plant.

CBD Oil Soft Gel Capsules 25mg We are proud of our 25mg CBD Capsules – Broad Spectrum Hemp Oil soft gel capsules. We work hard to source superb CBD oils with a hint of CBG; the lab report on these guys is fabulous.

Broad-Spectrum CBD Oil

can be up to 80% pure, also called a THC-free distillate, because there are only trace elements of THC, around 0.0005%.  Broad-Spectrum is a better choice for people who want a cleaner CBD experience, with a Wide Variety of Cannabinoids. And minimal impurities.

According to studies, the broad-spectrum distillate is less potent than its full-spectrum counterpart.  This is because of the lack of terpenes, flavonoids and lipid fats. As terpenes have their array of benefits.  The beauty of Broad-Spectrum is to enjoy the benefits of CBD without the flavonoids.

This removes the strong earthy tastes and smells and gives your taste buds a more pleasant experience.  The distillate can be applied to an MCT Carrier Oil or foods and if so desired can have the terpenes added back to the mix.

It’s easier to create a fabulous tasting CBD oil using distillates. We have a delightful blueberry-flavoured CBD Oil.

cbd Isolate

Isolate is a highly refined cannabis extract often derived from hemp flowers alone.

Isolating the CBD removes all other elements of the plant, removing the other Cannabinoids, including any trace element of THC

The crystallised Isolate, a concentrate of CBD, Can be 99% pure and is ground into a white, odourless powder, Removing any elements of THC.

Big Chief Hemp crafts CBD Oils using Distillate in our Oral Oils. Our customers can rest assured no THC is present. Only great-tasting and wonderfully smelling CBD Oils.

Whilst giving you a Broad Spectrum of Cannabinoids.

This provides great-tasting and lovely aromatic CBD Oils.

our Conclusion

They both have benefits – Big Chief Hemp prefers using CBD Distillates in our Oral Oils, to bring our customer assurances of no THC and to provide a great-tasting and lovely smelling CBD Oils.

And give you the full benefit of whole plant extract in our capsules.

This fascinating plant has so much to offer, to find out more, see our full guide!

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CBD Extraction Process

manual cbd press

the extraction process

Ever wondered how CBD is extracted from Hemp?

Hemp CBD Oil is the latest health product to hit the shelves. It’s being advertised like snake oil to cure ills.  Not quite but it does offer enormous benefits.  It is extracted from the ‘Hemp’ plant.  A non-intoxicating plant. Safe for you and your whole family.

it comes from sativa l family

We love all things Hemp at Big Chief.

What is the best extraction process for CBD Oil?

Ultimately the three main ways to extract CBD.

  •     Oil Extraction
  •     CO2 Extraction
  •     Solvent Extraction

With pros and cons to each method.  CBD Extraction is a highly skilled process. It can take a lot of expensive equipment.

many ways to milk a seed

A company in Canada use a large wooden screw to press the buds.  It’s a natural and traditional method dating back hundreds of years.  This is our favourite method because it’s a whole plant extract.

The hemp flowers are soaked in refined oil, usually Coconut Oil.  Coconut oil is chosen because it’s a thin oil.  Damp buds are popped into the top of a funnel and dropped through to the screw.  The screw is turned and the buds are pressed.  Tightly pressed so Hemp oil comes out the other side.  CBD Oil resembles the consistency of honey with a green tinge.  The end product is a beautiful golden-green juice.  A full plant extract with the CBDs, flavonoids and Terpenes.

CBD oil CO2 extraction process

Below is a simplified version of the process

CO2 is Carbon Dioxide, compressed air.  It is a gas that consists of one part carbon & two parts oxygen.  It’s Non-combustible and nontoxic. I’ll try and cut through the science of the CBD oil CO2 extraction process.

In a Lab

Hemp buds are dropped into a high-pressure chamber and the chamber is sealed.

Advanced Liquid Co2

many ways to milk a seed

Advanced Liquid Co2 is added (supercritical C02) to the chamber.  High pressure is applied from the top of the device. Plunged, pushing Co2 liquid through the buds.  Hemp buds sit with the CO2 for a couple of hours.  The mush is pushed into the third chamber, a separator machine.

Final Chamber

Evaporation occurs in the third and final chamber removing the CO2 and leaving a lovely oil at the end.  CO2 is the preferred method of extraction because there are no solvents used.  No impurities are added and it’s fully automated.  From there it goes straight into products pure and unmolested.

Distilled CBD

A step for further refinement and distillation.  We go to a traditional laboratory. Lots of jars and tubes to condensers.  Temperature plays the biggest role in this process.  It’s a system of heating liquids and cooling liquids then catching vapers.  Crude hemp oil is heated up in a boiling flask to around 230c.  This flask sits inside a heated box, which stirs and heats the oil.  The oil creates vapers, and the vapers are caught in a tall distillation glass.

its all about the vaper

The vaper travels to a cooling chamber.  In this cooling chamber, the vapour turns back into a liquid.  This liquid travels down the chamber to the second set of flasks.    Three flasks, two collect terpenes, solvents, and undesirable bits.  The final One collects the CBD Distillate, CBD Gold.

cbd isolate

CBD Isolate

Further refinement in a centrifugal machine  A CBD Ethanol extraction process is used.  Ethanol is added to the hemp buds.  The buds are added to a machine, and it spins and separates each element of the plant to produce Isolates.  An ‘Isolate’ is an isolated part of the plant, so the product is almost a pure CBD and creates up to 99% purity

our conclusion

There are many ways to extract CBD, but most are good. The old school and traditional ways are our favourites.

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Cannabis VS Hemp

Cannabis VS Hemp

So what’s the difference between Hemp vs cannabis. The answer is THC.

Let’s clarify the difference.

The plants look the same, and smell the same with enormous benefits however, they are very different.

Both species are born of the same Cannabis family.Three of the central family are

  •   Sativa
  •     Ruderalis
  •     Indica

The plants are indigenous to East Asia and grow over the world.

what is hemp

Hemp is the general term for the Industrial plant.

It’s non-psychoactive with less than 3% THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol).

Hemp cannot give you a ‘head high, therefore, it is not used as a recreational drug ’.

The plant has many industrial uses.

Hemp Industrial Uses

The Hemp plant is used in the manufacturing of many products, for example; paper, cloth and rope.

Bibles and maps used to be made of Hemp paper. Until the 1820s 80% of all textiles, fabrics, linen, clothes, bedsheets and curtains were made from hemp. 

Today, we use hemp to make products; for example; bags, clothing and car manufacturing.

Why not take a look at our article on the many uses of the hemp plant?.


Hempcrete building blocks

It’s a thing! HempCrete is a Plant-based sustainable building block. To create new homes and outbuildings. 

The Hempcrete building blocks are created using mixtures of Hemp, Lime and Hurds. 

Hemp has natural thermal mass and creates natural insulation consequently it’s ideal to build your home. 

It is not brittle like concrete making it an ideal building block.

Versatile Hemp

In the 1500s The British Navy Fleet heavily relied upon Hemp. 

Hemp is naturally resistant to rotting from saltwater and is therefore perfect for fleets’ sails and rope. 

Today, Hemp is used for home insulation, biofuels, car manufacturing, rope and carpet production.

sailing boat

Hemp food and drink

Milk made from hemp seed is the perfect alternative to dairy milk.  As well as being perfect for making cold-pressed cooking oils. Perfect for sprinkling seeds on your salads or breakfast. An ideal source of amino acids.

Cannabis is the term used for the variety of the Cannabis Sativa plant that contains more than 0.3% THC and is psychoactive.  

The plant is harvested for Cannabis products, medicinal and recreational products

various therapeutic benefits

Hemp is a wonderful herbal remedy with many uses.  Take CBD Oil to aid your endocannabinoid system.  CBD is used to make a huge range of Skincare products.

one is legal the other is not

Cannabis is the usual term for the variety of the Cannabis Sativa plant that contains more than 0.3% THC. 

This plant is psychoactive.  Cannabis is harvested for medicinal as well as recreational products. 

As it’s psychoactive it will illicit a ‘head high’ and may stimulate the body. 

CBD is present in Cannabis.  Hemp is legal to consume in the UK however, Cannabis remains illegal, without a prescription.

visually different

The grown plants look slightly different.

Legal – Hemp has a thicker stalk, with slimmer leaves and much fewer branches and can grow to 20 feet high.

Illegal – Cannabis is often shorter, with slender stems with a dense growth of leaves and buds. Usually, This plant will grow up to 6ft

CBD comes from the Hemp plant, and medical cannabis comes from the Cannabis plant.


Marijuana was a marketing term created by the CIA in the 1950s, Harry Anslinger coined the term to demonise the plant.

As the term marijuana has racist connotations, The industry prefers to use the term cannabis for recreational plants.

hemp flowers in jars

medicinal properties

In addition to being a recreational plant, it has many medicinal qualities.  Cannabis Oil provides pain relief, Whilst CBD Oil offers anti-inflammatory properties. 

In addition; Cannabis can assist with some cancers. It promotes cell death and restricts the blood flow to the tumour.  We know it is good for easing the side effects of traditional cancer treatments and aiding in palliative care. 

Studies in the UK are now going to look at cannabis as a cancer treatment.

As a result, there is much research to be done.   

its a exciting time

the future of cannabis products is looking bright. Once the stigma disappears we can get on and begin to explore this vital plant.

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Can CBD get me high?

man flying in the sky

Can CBD get me high?

Can CBD get you High? In a word – No. The element of the Cannabis plant that can get you high is THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) and not CBD.

CBD is not psychoactive.

What is Psychoactive

Psychoactive is a medical term for something that affects your mind/psyche, mind-altering, in this case, ‘Being High’ your mental state is affected with a buzz, a high.

Non-psychoactive is the term for precisely the opposite, not mind-altering – does not get you ‘high.’ Not affecting your psyche.

THC, on the other hand, is Psychoactive, one of the mind-altering Cannabinoids. The psychoactive element of the Cannabis/Marijuana plant.

CBD is the Cannabinoid being non-psychoactive

UK regulations ensure all CBD products sold contain no more than 0.2% THC, a value that is considered untraceable. The regulations have gone so far as to say a limit now exists in the UK; your container of CBD must contain no more than 1mg.

Big Chief Hemp uses a CBD distillate which ensures the purity of your CBD Oil, our lab reports demonstrate the absence of THC.

You can rest assured your Big Chief Oil will not let you down and will not be present in any workplace drug or alcohol testing.

Although THC is mind-altering, we must not view this as a bad element of the plant. Whilst CBD has amazing anti-inflammatory properties, THC does contain proven pain-relieving qualities, amongst a whole host of other wonderful properties, with CBD easing many ailments:

  • Eases Epilepsy
  • Relives chronic pain
  • Helps with ADHD/ADD
  • Treats Glaucoma
  • Slows development of Alzheimer’s
  • Anti-inflammatory for arthritis
  • Aids those with PTSD 
  • Relives pain from Crohn’s disease and increases Immune response
  • Alleviates Cancer treatment side effects

In some cases, can Help against the battle with Cancer.

(some cancer responds some do not).

This is just the shortlist. I’m currently part of a cannabis study on the efficacy of cannabis and can say, it’s changed my life. My disability has been downgraded as my mobility has much improved (I have a fractured spine that will not heal).


The Benefits of CBD & THC

Being in pain, struggling with sleep. Happy to report it has much improved, my mental health is incredible. I no longer use my wheelchair or have quarterly trips to the hospital for denervation spinal injections.

All due to the beautiful cannabis liquid that I’m able to consume three times daily. My treatment is full cannabis oil via prescription from the Medical Cannabis Clinic London.

But in my humble opinion, 50% of the deal is the CBD. I cannot use THC without CBD, as CBD inhibits the psychoactive side of THC.

I’ve tried it both ways, on t’s own and with CBD. Without CBD it goes horribly wrong. For my biology, both are required. That’s the wonder of Cannabis, everyone experiences different effects and has different needs.

will not heal).

Humans produce Cannabinoids

Human beings and animals naturally produces cannabinoids, CBD is the flower supplement for when your body is not producing enough. CBD is a great way to supplement your body.

Our Conclusion

Will CBD get me high

Rest easy, the simple answer is “No”.

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What is CBD Oil

CBD Oil drops white flowers

what is cbd?

CBD (Cannabidiol) is a naturally occurring substance from a Hemp plant

What is this CBD everyone is talking about?. CBD comes from the hemp plant.

The significant elements of the hemp plant are named Trichomes; they are tiny sticky glands.

Phytocannabinoids are held in these glands, holding all the active medical ingredients.

what is cbd oil?

CBD (Cannabidiol) is a naturally occurring substance from a Hemp plant

What is this CBD everyone is talking about?. CBD comes from the hemp plant.

The significant elements of the hemp plant are named Trichomes; they are tiny sticky glands.

Phytocannabinoids are held in these glands, holding all the active medical ingredients.

hemp plant

ecs Endocannabinoids

Endocannabinoids are naturally occurring in your body,  Subsequently;  Phytocannabinoids from plants are a natural Supplement for our  Endocannabinoids.  In the same vein, Vitamin tablets are for Fruit and Vegetables, as a supplement.

Phytocannabinoids are Cannabinoids, for short.

There are over a hundred known Cannabinoids in the Hemp plant

break it down

The most discussed cannabinoids are THC & CBD

When you hear the term Broad Spectrum, it means a many Cannabinoids are present in the oil, not just CBD alone:

  • CBDP – Cannabidiphorol
  • CBG – Cannabigerol
  • CBC – Cannabichromenic
  • CBDA – Cannabidiolic acid
  • CBDB – Cannabidiphorol
  • CBD – Cannabidiol
  • CBN – Cannabinol
  • CBGA – Cannabigerolic

Each of the Cannabinoids possesses its own benefits profile. 

All mammals benefit from CBD subsequently; Hemp is Mother Nature’s gift and possesses’ qualities as a natural food supplement.

CBD oil has so much to offer, increasing your therapeutic potential.

Endocannabinoid system

It is the master controller in your body; managing your temperature gauge.

  It modulates your serotonin levels affecting your mood. 

Also, can regulate your sleep and misdirect your pain.  In addition, it’s a powerful anti-inflammatory.

Moreover, Improves motor skills and can block certain cancer cell growth.

CBD Cannot cant get you high

This gentle product does not produce any high.  It is non-psychoactive.  

It produces a sense of well-being, in the same way,  vitamins do.  To find out the difference between Cannabis & Hemp?.

CBD is a natural way to boost healthy living.

What is cbd?

CBD is extracted from the plant and blended with fine coconut oil, known as an MCT Carrier.

Extracting CBD from Hemp

The extraction process concentrates on the Hemp flowers for the Cannabinoids. 

A variety of methods are used to extract CBD from the hemp plant.  The oldest form of extraction is the use of ethanol (simple alcohol).

Using high-proof alcohol, the CBD is drawn out of the plant with minimal damage.  By suspending them in a liquid it eliminates damage from oxidisation.

cultivation of hemp

Cultivation has minimal impact on the environment.  Hemp crops are naturally resistant to pests and therefore do not require pesticides.  As hemp grows it cleans the soil. It extracts soil contaminants and restores the topsoil.

In addition, it performs Carbon Sequestration. It cleans pollutants from our air.  Interestingly, hemp removes between 10-15 tonnes of atmospheric carbon per hectare.  This occurs in three months, making it much more effective than trees.

Furthermore, as this crop can grow four times a year, it results in a lot of cleaning. Simultaneously cleans the soil in which it grows.

Hemp is Mother Nature’s gift and possesses’ qualities as a natural food supplement.  CBD oil has so much to offer, increasing your therapeutic potential.

It’s a natural way to support healthy living.

This gentle product is non-psychoactive.

You can find out so much more, Check out our full guide!