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Cannabis vs hemp

So Cannabis, Hemp, Marijuana – Are they the same thing, or are they different?

  • They are born of the same species, from the Cannabis Sativa family.
  • Hemp is the general term for the Industrial variety of the Cannabis Sativa plant; this variety is the non-psychoactive strain with less than 0.02% of THC.
  • Hemp is not a recreation drug you cannot get a ‘high’
  • Hemp is a product with multi-uses. Industrial products; paper, bags and clothing. Foodstuff; milk, cold-pressed oil. Herbal; tea remedies, tinctures, creams and balms. Also, industrial hemp used for insulation, biofuels, in car manufacturing and carpet production.
  • Growing this plant in the UK requires amongst many things, a Home Office Licence.
  • Marijuana and Cannabis are usually the terms used for the variety of the Cannabis Sativa plant that contains more than 0.02% THC and is psychoactive.
  • This plant is cultivated for Cannabis products.
  • These plants look different when they grow. Hemp has a thicker stalk, with slimmer leaves and much fewer branches.  Cannabis is often shorter, with slender stems with a denser growth of leaves and buds.
  • In recent years, Cannabis plants are harvested for pharmaceutical, medical use.
  • Growth of this plant requires a Medical Licence and Home Office Licence.
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*Big Chief Hemp products contain less than 0.02% THC, a value considered untraceable

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THC & CBD Explained

We hear much about THC & CBD but what are they?

  • Psychoactive is a medical term for something that affects your mind, mind-altering, in this case, ‘Being High’ your mental state is affected with a buzz, a high. 
  •  Non-psychoactive is the term for precisely the opposite, not mind-altering – does not get you ‘high.’ 
  • The significant elements of the Hemp Plant named Trichomes; these are tiny sticky glands; these glands hold all the active medical ingredients called PhytoCannabinoids. Cannabinoids, for short. 
  • There are over 110 known Cannabinoids in the Hemp plant, of which the most discussed are THC & CBD; these two are the hot topics. THC is one of the Cannabinoids. It is the mind-altering (psychoactive) element of the Cannabis/Marijuana plant. 
  •  THC using is full name Tetrahydrocannabinol. THC is believed to have enormous benefits. In medical-grade medicines, THC is required in addition to the CBD Cannabinoids, to support illnesses. 
  •  (Big Chief Hemp products contain less than 0.02% THC, a value considered untraceable
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What does it mean, Psychoactive vs non-psychoactive?

  • Psychoactive is a medical term for something that affects your mind, mind-altering, in this case, ‘Being High’ your mental state is affected with a buzz, a high.
  • Non-psychoactive is the term for precisely the opposite, not mind-altering – does not get you ‘high.’
  • The significant elements of the Hemp Plant named Trichomes; these are tiny sticky glands; these glands hold all the active medical ingredients called Cannabinoids. There are over 110 known Cannabinoids in the Hemp plant, of which the most discussed are THC & CBD; these two are the hot topics. 
  • THC is one of the mind-altering Cannabinoids the psychoactive element of the Cannabis/Marijuana plant
  • CBD is the Cannabinoid is non-psychoactive

*Big Chief Hemp products are from Hemp, contain less than 0.02% THC, a value considered untraceable

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We often hear about Terpenes but what are they?

  • Terpenes; an element of Hemp which provides the smell and taste of the plant. Called Metabolites or Phytochemicals, they are a group of HydroCarbons. 
  • Just as the aroma in food adds to the taste, Terpenes aroma add to the benefits of taking Cbd.
  • The gift that keeps on giving. Terpenes enhance the benefits of CBD, with their own array of elements, it could transpire these elements carry similar benefits to CBD.
  • Sadly, some Terpenes are unavoidably lost during the process of extraction. Due to the drying process of the buds for the C02 removal, some of the Terpenes do not survive. 
  • Terpenes are delicate, but many of them can be removed, before the cleaning process of the CBD extraction and added back to CBD oils once they have been cleaned and cooled

I’m looking forward to seeing the further research on this particular subject.

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Full Spectrum vs Isolates

What is the difference between Full Spectrum Oil and Isolates?

  • Full Spectrum Oil; The whole bud is used in the extraction process, giving you the full benefits of the Hemp Plant. Present in hemp is over 100 other Cannabinoids. Here are a few of the excellent Cannabinoids;
    • CBGA – Cannabigerolic Acid 
    • CBG – Cannabigerol 
    • CBC – Cannabichromenic acid
    • CBDA – Antibiotic
    • CBD – Cannabidiol CBN – Cannabinol 
  • CBD Isolates is where CBD is isolated from the plant, during a tricky extraction process, using Co2 or a Centrifugal machine. 
  • It’s the purest form of CBD; the extraction process removes all other elements of the bud, removing the other Cannabinoids, Terpenes & Lipids.
  • This crystallised Isolate, a concentrate of CBD, Can be 99% pure is ground into a powder.
  • The Isolate can be applied to an MCT Carrier Oil. Alternatively, it can be added to water or other liquids or foodstuffs.
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How much CBD do I take?

  • CBD works much like a vitamin pill, in that, as a food supplement, you are aiding your body to replace lost vitamins and boost your immune system. CBD is similar in supporting your Endocannabinoid system and stimulating those brain receptors to send out positive messages to the rest of your body.
  • Start at a very low dosage 10mg and increase slowly a few days apart. As there is no head effect, how will you know how much is enough?
  • People use CBD for a host of reasons, and everyone has different absorption rates. It’s up to you to establish what your levels are.
  • Ask yourself the reason you want to take CBD? For a sense of wellbeing; its recommended to use just 10ml – 20ml a day or you may need a tad more
  • If you are suffering from or recovering from an illness or chronic pains, it’s suggested you use more. Again, always building up your levels at a gentle pace. 
  • It has been suggested for illness Full Spectrum is recommended over Isolates. 
  • There is a point at which you will plateau. Say the day you increase and don’t feel any more benefit than the previous dosage. You found your level.
  • Your levels may change over time, depending on how you are feeling. You will get to establish those areas yourself. To find my levels, I kept a diary and looking back could see the improvements over the weeks, until I arrived at my level.
  • There does not appear to be any apparent side effects of CBD, unlike my pain killers giving me a hangover (or alcohol) I don’t get any kickback. It appears you cannot overdose on CBD as it has no adverse effects on your heart or respiratory system.
  • Do not exceed more than 200mg per day
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Milligrams Vs Percentages, what does it mean?

  • On the market is a variety of percentage or grams of CBD, in a variety of bottle sizes. It can be a tad confusing initially.
  • 1ml is equal to 1mg
  • When I was just starting out, I only purchased 10ml bottles of CBD, to keep it simple.
  • In a 10ml percentage and grams, equate to the same thing.  For example, if you buy 8% CBD, this is the same as 8g of CBD. 
  • I found it most confusing in percentages, Big Chief has used milligrams to be clear of how much you are buying.
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MCT Carrier Oil, what is it?

  • Once you purchase your oil, how does it arrive, and what is in it?
  • The CBD is added to an MCT carrier oil. For example, if you have 10% CBD in a 10ml bottle 90% of the remaining liquid is a referred to as the Carrier Oil.
  • MCT means Medium-Chain Triglycerides.
  • These are edible oils extracted from seeds, such as Coconuts or the controversial Palm oil (deforestation).
  • It’s often used as a carrier oil in items such as massage oils or essential oils.
  • It’s used for a variety of reasons, the fat molecules of these oils are smaller, enabling better absorption in your body, making it an excellent carrier.
  • Coconut oil has no strong taste and has a natural anti-fungal property.
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Extraction Process of CBD, There is more than one way to extract CBD from Hemp, from a simple press to a laboratory

  • Screw press; I’ve seen a company in Canada use an enormous screw to press the buds. The plant is dropped in the top of a vast funnel and drop through to a big screw that turns and pushes the buds so tightly, lovely golden-green liquid comes out the other side.  The beautiful golden-green juice, the full plant with the CBD’s and THC’s and the Terpenes.
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  • The widespread CBD extraction at present is the Co2 extraction process. Bear in mind, this is a much-simplified version of how this process occurs.
  • In a lab, imagine something like your hand press coffee machine at home. The hemp buds are popped into the pressure machine, and an Advanced Liquid Co2 is added. Then pressure is applied from the top of the device, plunged down pushing Co2 liquid through the buds
  • The liquid breaks down the buds and pressure drives through green goodness, collecting at the bottom in a bottle. Ethanol is added to the bottle, shaken not stirred and the green gloop becomes a liquid, this is to enable precise extraction and separation.
  • The terpenes are separated from the mixture at this stage. Terpenes are separated as they would not survive the clean-up process that’s about to happen.
  • The remaining liquid goodness is frozen to further separate elements. Each plant variety produces different levels of CBD, Terpenes and lipids (fatty acids).
  • All separated, it’s now cleaned, and any impurities are removed. The next step is a further distillation clean to ensure all ethanol is removed, ensuring purity. The extracted terpenes are now added back to the Oil in their own batches.
  • The oils are then tested for purity and cannabinoid levels.
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CBD comes in a variety of ways…

  • CBD Oil Tincture; in a small glass bottle with a pipet. Gently squeeze your pipet to take – 2 or 3 drops under your tongue. Its recommended; hold the CBD infused liquid for 3 seconds per drop before swallowing.  Take this two or three times a day.  
  • CBD Capsules; Each soft gel capsule comes in a premeasured amount.  The capsules can be purchased in a variety of strengths.  Take 1 – 2 capsules, 2 to 3 times a day with water.
  • CBD Oral spray; An upright atomiser, pump 2 or 3 times in your mouth, holding in your mouth for a few seconds per spray before swallowing. The atomiser spray comes in different strengths and flavours, like Natural, Orange or Peppermint.
  • CBD Gummies; These are fruit gummies just like a gummy bear, for Chewing, CBD in a sweet. Each packet has a measured mg value of CBD
  • CBD Syringe; The syringes come with pure CBD extract for oral use, each measured syringe provides 10 applications of CBD. They come in different strengths and flavours
  • CBD Oral Suspension gels arrive in a traditional medicine bottle. This is a newly developed water-soluble CBD.  Infused with real fruit juice and imbued with vitamins.  Promoting Healthy Heart or Healthy Immune system.  The products are premiers and new to the market, can boast being clinically proven.  This comes with an oral applicator ensuring precise dosage each time. In these bottles 1ml to 1mg
  • CBD Tea bags; CBD infused tea bags, not any ordinary tea bags simply health-boosting tea bags, in the same range as the oral suspension, available in Healthy Heart or Healthy Immune variety
  • CBD Cream; Cosmetic CBD infused Rescue cream, clinically proven to Calm, Repair and best of all Restore skin!
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