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Everything you wanted to know about CBD

CBD Oil tincture and Hemp leaves on wooden chopping board

Everything you wanted to know about CBD

CBD Oil tincture and Hemp leaves on wooden chopping board

What is CBD

What is CBD (Cannabidiol) is a naturally occurring substance from a Hemp plant. Within this fascinating plant, there are just over a hundred compounds, of which CBD is one. CBD is extracted from the plant.


Psychoactive is a medical term for something that affects your mind/psyche, mind-altering, in this case, ‘Being High’ your mental state is affected with a buzz, a high.

Non-psychoactive is the term for precisely the opposite, not mind-altering – does not get you ‘high.’ affecting your psyche

THC, on the other hand, is Psychoactive, one of the mind-altering Cannabinoids. The psychoactive element of the Cannabis/Marijuana plant.

CBD is the Cannabinoid being non-psychoactive

What are Terpenes

Terpenes are the little gems that provide the Cannabis smells and tastes; each variety plant has different terpenes, producing the distinctive aromas, fruity or earthy tones.

Just as the aroma in food adds to the taste, Terpenes aroma add to the benefits of taking Cbd.
The gift that keeps on giving. Terpenes enhance the benefits of CBD, with their own array of elements, it could transpire these elements carry similar benefits to CBD.

Sadly, some Terpenes are unavoidably lost during the process of extraction. Due to the drying process of the buds for the C02 removal, some of the Terpenes do not survive.

Terpenes are delicate, many of them are removed, before the cleaning process of the CBD extraction and added back to CBD Oils once they have been cleaned and cooled.

Terpene Oil can be purchased, giving you the smell and tastes of the plant without the CBD or THC’s. To use in cooking or smoke, create your Vape Oils or Vape Juices.


The significant elements of the Hemp Plant named Trichomes; tiny sticky glands; these glands hold all the active medical ingredients called PhytoCannabinoids. Cannabinoids, for short. THC and CBD are Cannabinoids.

CBD is just one of the many magical elements of the Cannabis Plant. 

CBD initially has won as the front runner as it was believed to contain the most benefits. Below is a shortlist of some of the other Cannabinoids who work their magic alongside CBD & THC:

CBDP – Cannabidiphorol
CBG – Cannabigerol
CBC – Cannabichromenic
CBDA – Cannabidiolic acid
CBDB – Cannabidiphorol
CBD – Cannabidol
CBN – Cannabinol
CBGA – Cannabigerolic

The plant is currently researched globally, it’s an exciting time.

This family of Cannabiniods are believed to be beneficial in many ways.

THC using is full name Tetrahydrocannabinol, also has more than one variety just like CBD.

THC is believed to have enormous benefits. In medical-grade Prescription medicines, for instance for Epilepsy treatments, THC is required in addition to the CBD Cannabinoids, to support illnesses long term.

Big Chief Hemp Oils contain less than 0.0005% THC, a value considered untraceable and THC Free.

The CBD Clinic

The Medical Cannabis Clinic, in London.

Although CBD legalised in the UK since 2018, we are currently faced with GP’s reluctant to prescribe CBD to patients that require assistance where traditional medicines are failing.

For patients that require Medical Grade Cannabis, this process is currently unlicensed, therefore can only be prescribed by a specialist or a GP acting under the instructions of a specialist.

A new Private Clinic has opened to assist with Private Prescriptions for Medical Cannabis.
The Clinical Director is Professor Mike Barnes, who is the consultant neurologist, assisted in securing the first medicinal cannabis licence for Alfie Dingley.

Professor Barnes said: “This Clinic will represent a lifeline to the thousands of patients who have found other treatments ineffective.

The Clinic is offering “potentially life-changing” treatment for arthritis, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. It may also benefit people with psychiatric conditions
and stroke patients”.

Currently, there are more than 150 people are said to be on the Clinics waiting list.
The Clinic has specialists able to prescribe Cannabinoid treatments privately where the NHS are unsure.
” Professor David Nutt, of Imperial College London, stated that “ignorance” of the value of cannabis medicines among doctors was holding back their use.
Medical Cannabis was legalised in the UK last year but is currently Families say it is almost impossible to access it on the NHS, despite its legalisation.
Cases such as those of Billy Caldwell, 13, and Alfie Dingley, seven, have highlighted the benefits of cannabis oil to children with epilepsy who suffer multiple seizures and have begun to enjoy significant reductions in their symptoms

Is CBD legal in the UK?

Thankfully Yes, CBD is legal in the UK and Europe, CBD is classified as a food supplement.

ECS System​

It was discovered in 1963 mammals have an Endocannabinoid system (ECS). Throughout our nervous system, We have Cannabinoid receptors. Including our brain, Cannabinoid receptors are the most abundant receptors!

It was discovered by Raphael Mechoulam an Organic Chemist and Professor of Medicinal Chemistry, a professor of the University of Jerusalem.

Further Studies by Dr Mechoulam and US researchers have realised an entire ECS system that works in harmony with the Hemp plant, truly natures gift.

Studies are ongoing, and there is still much to learn. The Endocannabinoid system works as the body regulator.

If you are out of sorts,  CBD works with your ECS system.

CBD flicks on the neuro-receptors in your nervous system, including your brain and assists your immune system, like turning on light switches.

The ECS system sends out regulating signals throughout your body, re-balancing our Homeostasis – Illness can thrive if the body fails to produce sufficient endocannabinoids. Taking CBD plant extract can aid your body and mind to stay healthy.

MCT Carrier

Once you purchase your Oil, how does it arrive, and what is in it?
The CBD is added to an MCT carrier oil. For example, if you have 10% CBD in a 10ml bottle 90% of the remaining liquid is referred to as the Carrier Oil.
MCT means Medium-Chain Triglycerides.

These are edible oils extracted from seeds, such as Coconuts or the controversial Palm oil (deforestation) as a carrier oil in items such as massage oils or essential oils.

Used for a variety of reasons, the fat molecules of these oils are smaller, enabling improved absorption in your body, making it an excellent carrier.

Coconut oil is ideal as it has no strong taste and has a natural anti-fungal property.

Full Spectrum vs Broad-Spectrum vs Isolates

Full Spectrum Oil is created from the whole plant has to offer, including flavonoids & terpenes; all the natural smells, colour and taste of Hemp. Including lipids, giving you the full natural benefits of the Hemp Plant using a Co2 extraction process. Full-Spectrum will also include trace elements of THC% less than 2%.

Enjoy all the PhytoCannabinoids in Full-Spectrum.

Broad-spectrum CBD can be up to 80% pure, also called a THC free distillate, with no trace elements of THC around 0.0005%.

A more refined version of full-spectrum CBD, Distillation is the extraction process used, whereby cannabinoids and terpenes are refined at a molecular level.

Broad-Spectrum is a better choice for people who want a cleaner CBD experience, with minimal impurities. According to studies, the broad-spectrum distillate is less potent than its full-spectrum counterpart due to the lack of the terpenes, flavonoids and lipid fats.
The distillate can be applied to an MCT Carrier Oil or foods and if so desired can have the terpenes added back to the mix.removes all other elements of the plant, removing the other Cannabinoids, including any trace element of THC

It’s the purest form of CBD; the extraction process removes all other elements of the bud, removing the other Cannabinoids, Terpenes & Lipids.

he beauty of Broad-Spectrum is to enjoy the benefits of CBD without the with flavonoids, removing the strong earthy tastes and smells, giving your taste buds a more pleasant experience.

Its easier to create a fabulous tasting CBD oil using distillates.

Crystallised Isolate, a concentrate of CBD, Can be 99% pure is ground into a powder. Ensuring a zero level of THC. 

Isolate can be applied to an MCT Carrier Oil, added to water or other liquids or foodstuffs.

How to take CBD

The key to CBD is consistency. CBD best taken every day, add it to your daily routine, maintaining your levels

Depending on your desired product, begin by using a few sprays under the tongue if using the atomiser.

Two or three drops under the tongue two to three times a day if using a tincture.
One capsule two or three times a day and build up until you find your appropriate levels, not exceeding the maximum daily dosage

Do not exceed more than 70mg of CBD in a 24 hour period , unless otherwise directed by your Medical Professional

How much CBD do I take, Tips for buying 

CBD works much like a vitamin pill, in that, as a food supplement, you are aiding your body to replace lost vitamins and boost your homeostasis. CBD is similar in supporting your Endocannabinoid system and stimulating those receptors to send out positive messages to the rest of your body.

Begin at a very low dosage no more than 10mg a day and increase a few days slowly apart. As there is no head effect, how will you know how much is enough?

People use CBD for a host of reasons, and everyone has different absorption rates. It’s up to you to establish what your levels are.

Ask yourself the reason you want to take CBD? For a sense of well-being; its recommended to use just 10ml – 20ml a day or you may need a tad more.

We would suggest you begin with a 250mg or 500mg in a 10ml bottle, twice daily, increasing to three times daily.

If you are recovering from an illness, it’s suggested you use more. Again, always building up your levels at a gentle pace.

There is a point at which you will plateau.

Say the day you increase and don’t feel any more benefit than the previous dosage. You found your level.

Your levels may change over time, depending on how you are feeling. You will get to establish those areas yourself.

To find my levels, I kept a diary and looking back could see the improvements over the weeks, until I arrived at my level.

There are many flavours you can try, mainly fruit flavours, variations on menthol or chocolate flavours. As the market is growing, so is the choice. These are new and exciting

Please consult with your medical professional if you are taking other medications. 

Do not exceed more than 70mg of CBD in a 24 hour period ,
unless otherwise directed by your Medical Professional.

CBD can inhibit the absorption of some medications.

Cancer, liver and anti-seizure treatments 

Is CBD addictive

In a word – NO!
The element of the Cannabis plant that can get you high is THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) and not CBD.

CBD is not psychoactive. UK regulations ensure all CBD products sold contain no more than 0.2% THC, a value that is considered untraceable.

Can I travel with CBD?

Technically yes, you can travel around Europe with CBD; however, I would NOT recommend travelling with CBD. Border controls are not yet equipped with full knowledge on the subject of CBD. As this product derives from a Cannabis family plant, it is still a grey area within Airports and Border controls.

As such currently it’s not recommended to travel abroad with CBD unless you have written permission from the current government of the country you intend to travel to.

Countries like the US it is legal, but only in individual States and often only with a prescription.

We would not recommend taking your CBD your CBD unless you have a Prescription.

It is early days for this product, and the knowledge has not yet reached everyone

Back of a man making heart with his hands towards the sun

Well-being & Health

We are not permitted by UK Law to Make any medical claims whatsoever. Due to studies  not yet completed in the UK.

There have been many years of research and studies ongoing by Universities and institutions in Spain, Canada, Netherlands and Israel.

These studies suggest CBD Oil and THC has beneficial uses.

Big Chief Hemp provides a Health range that is clinically proven to aid your Heart Health, Immune System and Skin Products that are proven to see our Health Range.

Quality CBD

How do you know what you are buying and who you are buying from, how do you keep safe purchasing CBD?

There are many brands sold that do not contain the CBD as described or the products include could THC, but this is not on the label, it’s hard to know.

The best way to keep yourself safe is to use a company who is an ethical business, one willing to provide you with Independent laboratory results.

The lab results will confirm how much CBD you have in the bottle.

Some comprehensive reports will also provide further content information for the other Cannabinoids present.

I often find the price is indicative like a good wine. I’ve known a friend buying three bottles of 10% CBD for £30, it transpired they contained zero CBD, it was Hemp Oil with an MCT carrier, it did seem ‘too good a deal’.

Look carefully at the product labels and ensure they mention CBD content.

It’s good to know which MCT carrier is used, on an environmental, ethical level, I’d steer clear of products using Palm Oil as the carrier.

Currently, Few regulations for CBD Oil industry yet exist. We are instructed to ensure the CBD Oil used is THC free adhering to UK standards, and a recommended daily dosage but this is the only stipulations so far.

As a business, I hope we can get some correct categorisation and regulations in place soon to ensure the safety of CBD consumers.

Milligram vs Percentages

On the market is a variety of percentage or grams of CBD, in a variety of bottle sizes. It can be a tad confusing initially.

1ml is equal to 1mg

When I was starting, I only purchased 10ml bottles of CBD to keep it simple.

In a 10ml percentage and grams, equate to the same thing. For example, if you buy 800mg = 8% CBD

I found it most confusing in percentages; Big Chief has used milligrams to be clear of how much you are buying.

About Big Chief Hemp Ltd

We are a family-run team, based out of the UK, Campaigners for the rights of UK Hemp Farmers and UK Medical Prescriptions



Passionate about Hemp, we pride ourselves in bringing premium oils to your door, with Eco-Friendly packaging.

We love our planet and are working hard for positive environmental changes.
Big Chief Hemp brings Naturally grown Broad Spectrum CBD Oils and Hemp products to market, to help maintain your health and love your planet. Using only the finest CBD Oils, with no chemical impurities!

Big Chief Hemp uses only recycled packaging. We are on the Campaign to rid unnecessary plastics from all packaging, join us on our journey of discovery.

EU & US Grown Hemp, using the UK processed medical-grade broad-spectrum CBD Oil. Produced to the highest standards in an FSA approved UK facility. 
Using a plant-based alcohol extraction method that has unrivalled levels of purity. The extraction contains more natural plant compounds.

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